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Interesting Facts about Uganda

  • Youngest population in the world.

Two young boys posing for a photo

Uganda has one of the youngest populations in the world. Close to 49% of the population of Uganda is below the age of 15.

  • Ugandans eat the most bananas.

Each person in Uganda especially in the central and south western region consumes on average about 243 kg of matooke (green highland banana) annually. That’s about 0.6kg per day! The country has over 30  varieties of bananas.

  • Fertility rate

With a fertility rate of 5.71 children per woman, Uganda is one of the countries with the highest fertility rates in the world.

  • Uganda is one of the poorest countries in the world. More than half Uganda’s population lives on less than a dollar a day.
  • Second most populous landlocked country in the world after Ethiopia. It has a population of about 40 million people.
  • Source of the Nile

Source of the Nile River

Uganda is home to the source of the Nile River at Jinja in central Uganda. Here the Nile starts its 6853 km long journey to the Mediterranean Sea.

  • Culturally diverse

Comparatively, Uganda is one of the most culturally diverse nations in the world. Within its small boarders you find wave after wave of different tribes and races. To the south of Lake Kyoga in the central Uganda are the Bantu speaking tribes and the Hamites, to the north are the Nilotic tribes,and to the North West are the Nilo-Hamitic tribes like the Ik and the Karamojong.

  • Uganda is Africa’s leading coffee exporter and Africa’s second largest coffee producer, mainly in the form of Robusta coffee which is also indigenous to the country. Interestingly, only 4% of this coffee is consumed locally, most of it is exported abroad. Tea is the beverage of choice for most Ugandans.
  • English is the official language in Uganda although most people speak a second or third local language depending on which tribe or part of the county they come from.Uganda has two official languages, English and Swahili. English became the official language at Independence on 9th October, 1962 while Swahili became the second official language in 1995 with the promulgation of the 1995 Uganda constitution.
  • Uganda is the 79th largest country in the world (241,550 total sq. km). In comparison, it is almost the size of Britain or the US state of Oregon.
  • 1/7th of the Uganda‘s surface is covered by water.
Source of the Nile Bridge
A local fisherman checking his nets in the Nile River. The Source of the Nile Bridge is in the background.
  • Uganda got independence on 9th October 1962 after a period of about 70 years of British occupation.
  • During World War II, 7,000 Polish refugees, mainly women and children were settled in Uganda in two separate camps. After World War II in 1948 most of these refugees were resettled in Britain, Canada and Australia.
  • In 1976, Israel commandos launched a hostage rescue mission on Entebbe Airport in Uganda in the famous Operation Entebbe. 102 of the 106 hostages were rescued. This operation lasted 90 minutes.
  • Uganda has one of the rare HIV success stories, one of the reasons being openness. In the 1980s, more than 30% of Ugandan residents had HIV; this had fallen to 6.4% by the end of 2008. There is very high HIV/AIDS awareness in the country.
  • Uganda has 48.9% of all East Africa’s arable land. This presents great potential for the country to be the food basket of the region.
  • Christians make up 84 percent of the country’s population. Roman Catholics are the most numerous, followed by the Anglicans. 12 percent of the population are Muslims.
  • More than half of the world’s mountain gorilla population is found in Uganda

Silverback mountain gorilla walking in the jungle

  • Uganda’s Kibale Forest national park has the biggest concentration of primates in Africa. In total, 13 primate species call Kibale forest home.
  • Uganda’s Murchison Falls Park was ranked in 2019 among the best places to visit in Africa.
  • The most powerful falls on the Nile River, Murchison Falls are found within Murchison falls National Park in Uganda.
  • Over 10% of the global bird species and over 50% of all Africa’s bird species are found in Uganda. This makes Uganda are bird watcher’s paradise.
Bird strethcing its wings
The long-toed lapwing, one of the many birds found in Uganda. It is often seen on floating vegetation along the banks of the Nile River and in Mabamba Swamp in Entebbe. Over 1060 bird species have been recorded in Uganda.
  • Uganda had the highest concentration of birds per square kilometre in the world.
  • Uganda has the Rwenzori Mountains, which is the highest mountain block in the world. Margherita peak is the third highest point in Africa. The mountains the park that surround are a UNESCO World Heritage Site.


So what are you waiting for? It’s your time to travel to Uganda #thePearlofAfrica.

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